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J Allergy Clin Immunol. 2002 Jun;109(6):988-94.

Transduction of dendritic cells by antigen-encoding lentiviral vectors permits antigen processing and MHC class I-dependent presentation.

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Division of Allergy and Immunology and the Division of Hematology, Department of Dermatology, University Hospital of Geneva, Switzerland.



Because antigen-presenting dendritic cells (DCs) play a major role in the polarization of T cells, including T(H)2 cells involved in allergy, strategies to modify DCs genetically are required.


The purpose of this investigation was to transduce murine bone marrow-derived DCs with lentiviral vectors encoding antigen to demonstrate antigen processing and MHC class I-dependent presentation.


Bone marrow leukocytes were incubated with antigen-encoding lentiviral constructs and cultured with GM-CSF, IL-4, and Flt-3 ligand. The capacity of the resulting DCs to express, process, and present antigen was tested in vitro.


An average of 40% of DCs expressed antigen after 1 week of culture when antigen encoded by the lentiviral vector construct was green fluorescent protein. To demonstrate that transduced antigen can be presented by DCs on MHC class I, we chose the lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus glycoprotein (gp) as a model antigen, inasmuch as it is recognized by CD8 T cells from transgenic mice expressing an MHC class I-restricted T-cell receptor specific for the epitope of positions 33 through 41 of gp. DCs transduced with lentiviral construct encoding gp and matured with LPS activated transgenic T cells in an antigen-specific fashion. Using transporter associated with antigen presentation (TAP)-deficient mice, we show that presentation of the gp33-41 epitope is TAP-dependent, confirming processing of gp by the endogenous pathway.


These results demonstrate that CD8 T cells can recognize MHC class I epitopes processed from antigen in DCs transduced with lentiviral vectors. Lentiviral transduction of DCs and antigen presentation to CD8 T cells could be exploited for immunotherapy, because allergen-specific CD8 T cells have been shown to be suppressive in IgE-dependent allergy models.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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