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Biochim Biophys Acta. 2002 Jun 12;1590(1-3):76-83.

Distinct mechanisms of taxol-induced serine phosphorylation of the 66-kDa Shc isoform in A549 and RAW 264.7 cells.

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Department of Molecular Pharmacology, Albert Einstein College of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10461, USA.


Nanomolar concentrations of Taxol, and other antimitotic agents that interact with microtubules, mediate serine phosphorylation of the 66-kDa Shc isoform (p66shc) in A549 human lung carcinoma cells, 9-18 h after drug treatment. This event coincides with the release of PARP cleavage fragments that are early indicators of apoptosis. Taxol-induced serine phosphorylation of p66shc results from a MEK-independent signaling pathway that is activated in A549 cells that have a prolonged or abnormal mitotic phase of the cell cycle [Cancer Res. 60 (2000) 5171]. In contrast, in murine macrophage RAW 264.7 cells, micromolar concentrations of Taxol but not other microtubule-interacting agents induced serine phosphorylation of p66shc that correlated with the phosphorylation of Raf-1 and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK1/2), within 15-30 min after Taxol treatment. This event also was induced by lipopolysaccharide (LPS). The MEK-inhibitor, U0126, that specifically inhibits the activation of ERK also blocked the phosphorylation of p66shc and Raf-1, suggesting that these processes were MEK-dependent, quite different from that which was observed in A549 cells. Taxol also induced phosphorylation of p38 and JNK MAP kinases within 8-15 min after drug treatment. It is known that Taxol, but not other microtubule-interacting agents, induces the production of cytokines, such as tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) in mouse macrophages. The time course of Taxol-induced TNF-alpha expression coincides with that of Taxol-induced p66shc phosphorylation, and U0126 inhibits significantly Taxol-induced TNF-alpha expression in RAW 264.7 cells. Our data indicate that the Taxol-induced serine phosphorylation of p66shc in RAW 264.7 cells is microtubule-independent and may be related to increased TNF-alpha expression after Taxol and LPS treatment. It is concluded that the mechanisms involved in Taxol-induced p66shc phosphorylation are distinct in A549 and RAW 264.7 cells.

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