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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Jun 21;294(4):849-53.

Dilinoleoylphosphatidylcholine decreases LPS-induced TNF-alpha generation in Kupffer cells of ethanol-fed rats: respective roles of MAPKs and NF-kappaB.

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Alcohol Research and Treatment Center, Veterans Affairs Medical Center and Mount Sinai School of Medicine, Bronx, NY 10468, USA.


Activation of Kupffer cells by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) after ethanol feeding results in overproduction of TNF-alpha, leading to liver injury. Since dilinoleoylphosphatidylcholine (DLPC) protects against liver injury and has antioxidant properties, we investigated whether it alters LPS signaling leading to decreased TNF-alpha production. Kupffer cells were isolated from rats fed alcohol-containing or isocaloric control diets for 3 weeks. With ethanol, cytochrome P4502E1 was upregulated. When stimulated with LPS in culture, Kupffer cells released more TNF-alpha compared to control rats; DLPC diminished the increase. It also reduced ERK1/2 and p38 phosphorylation as well as NF-kappaB activation with decreased nuclear p65 and increased cytosolic IkappaB-alpha expression. ERK1/2 and NF-kappaB activation were abolished by the ERK1/2 inhibitor PD098059. The p38 inhibitor SB203580 abolished p38 activation without affecting NF-kappaB. Both inhibitors reduced TNF-alpha generation. Thus, DLPC diminishes LPS-dependent TNF-alpha generation by inhibiting p38 and ERK1/2 activation; the latter leads to decreased NF-kappaB activation.

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