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Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr. 2002;42(3):209-21.

Biological properties of olive oil phytochemicals.

Author information

  • 1University of Milan, Department of Pharmacological Sciences, Italy. francesco.visioli@unimi.it

Abstract

Olive oil is the principal source of fat in the Mediterranean diet, which has been associated with a lower incidence of coronary heart disease and certain cancers. Extra-virgin olive oil contains a considerable amount of phenolic compounds, for example, hydroxytyrosol and oleuropein, that are responsible for its peculiar taste and for its high stability. Evidence is accumulating to demonstrate that olive oil phenolics are powerful antioxidants, both in vitro and in vivo; also, they exert other potent biological activities that could partially account for the observed healthful effects of the Mediterranean diet.

PMID:
12058980
DOI:
10.1080/10408690290825529
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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