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Circulation. 2002 Jun 11;105(23):2737-40.

Five-year clinical follow-up after intracoronary radiation: results of a randomized clinical trial.

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  • 1Division of Cardiovascular Diseases, Scripps Clinic, La Jolla, Calif 92037, USA.



Several clinical trials indicate that intracoronary radiation is safe and effective for treatment of restenotic coronary arteries. We previously reported 6-month and 3-year clinical and angiographic follow-up demonstrating significant decreases in target lesion revascularization (TLR) and angiographic restenosis after gamma radiation of restenotic lesions. The objective of this study was to document the clinical outcome 5 years after treatment of restenotic coronary arteries with catheter-based iridium-192 (192Ir).


A double-blind, randomized trail compared 192Ir to placebo sources in patients with restenosis after coronary angioplasty. Over a 9-month period, 55 patients were enrolled; 26 were randomized to 192Ir and 29 to placebo. At 5-year follow-up, TLR was significantly lower in the 192Ir group (23.1% versus 48.3%; P=0.05). There were 2 TLRs between years 3 and 5 in patients in the 192Ir group and none in patients in the placebo group. The 5-year event-free survival rate (freedom from death, myocardial infarction, or TLR) was greater in 192Ir-treated patients (61.5% versus 34.5%; P=0.02).


Despite apparent mitigation of efficacy over time, there remains a significant reduction in TLR at 5 years and an improvement in event-free survival in patients treated with intracoronary 192Ir. The early clinical benefits after intracoronary gamma radiation with 192Ir seem durable at 5-year clinical follow-up.

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