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Fertil Steril. 2002 Jun;77(6):1191-5.

Accuracy of day 3 criteria for selecting the best embryos.

Author information

1
Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Stanford University School of Medicine, Stanford, California, USA. milki@aol.com

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To assess the accuracy of day 3 morphologic criteria in identifying the best embryos.

DESIGN:

Prospective observational study.

SETTING:

University IVF program.

PATIENT(S):

One hundred cycles in women desiring blastocyst transfer who had > or =3 eight-cell embryos on day 3.

INTERVENTION(S):

On day 3, the embryologist chose the two embryos that would have been transferred that day. On day 5, embryos were examined to determine the best and second-best blastocysts.

MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE(S):

Accuracy of day 3 picks as measured in culture on day 5, outcome of nontransferred picks, and cryopreservation rate.

RESULT(S):

All cycles reached the blastocyst stage and 73% had cryopreservation. The mean number of blastocysts was 4.8 (3.2 on day 5 and 1.6 on day 6). Neither pick was chosen in 39% of cycles; one pick was transferred in 38%; and both picks were transferred in 23%. Of 116 nontransferred picks, 51 were frozen and 65 arrested, with both picks arresting in 9 cycles. The single best blastocyst was chosen from the picks in 39% of cycles.

CONCLUSION(S):

Morphologic criteria for cleavage-stage embryo selection may fall short when the transfer is limited to two embryos. Culture to blastocyst is warranted in this population to avoid high-order multiples and still be able to choose the two embryos with the highest implantation potential.

PMID:
12057727
DOI:
10.1016/s0015-0282(02)03104-7
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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