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BMC Gastroenterol. 2002 Jun 3;2:14.

Bacterial cholangitis causing secondary sclerosing cholangitis: a case report.

Author information

1
Department of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Erasmus MC, Rotterdam, The Netherlands. terborg@mdl.azr.nl

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Although bacterial cholangitis is frequently mentioned as a cause of secondary sclerosing cholangitis, it appears to be extremely rare, with only one documented case ever reported.

CASE PRESENTATION:

A 48-year-old woman presented with an episode of acute biliary pancreatitis that was complicated by pancreatic abcess formation. After 3 months she had an episode of severe pyogenic (E. Coli) cholangitis that recurred over the subsequent 7 months on a further two occasions. Initially, cholangiography suggested the presence of extra-biliary intrahepatic abcesses while repeated investigations demonstrated development of multiple segmental biliary duct strictures. After maintenance antibiotic treatment was started, no episodes of cholangitis occurred over a 14-month period.

CONCLUSIONS:

Sclerosing cholangitis can rapidly develop after an episode of bacterial cholangitis. Extra-biliary involvement of the hepatic parenchyma with abcess formation may be a risk factor for developing this rare but particularly severe complication.

PMID:
12057011
PMCID:
PMC116430
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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