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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2002 Jul;283(1):C48-57.

A role for PKC-delta and PI 3-kinase in TNF-alpha-mediated antiapoptotic signaling in the human neutrophil.

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Department of Pediatrics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine and the Joseph Stokes Jr. Research Institute, Children's Hospital of Philadelphia, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania 19104, USA.


The proinflammatory cytokine tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-alpha has been implicated in the attenuation of neutrophil spontaneous apoptosis during sepsis. Antiapoptotic signaling is principally mediated through the p60TNF receptor (p60TNFR). In neutrophils, TNF-alpha is an incomplete secretagogue and requires input from a ligated integrin(s) for neutrophil activation. In adherent neutrophils, TNF-alpha triggers association of both protein kinase C (PKC)-delta and phosphatidylinositol (PI) 3-kinase with the p60TNFR. In this study, a role for PKC-delta and PI 3-kinase in TNF-alpha-mediated antiapoptotic signaling was examined. TNF-alpha inhibited spontaneous apoptosis in fibronectin-adherent neutrophils, and this antiapoptotic signaling was blocked by the PKC-delta inhibitor rottlerin, but not by an inhibitor of Ca(2+)-dependent PKC isotypes, Go-6976. Inhibition of PI 3-kinase by LY-294002 also inhibited TNF-alpha-mediated antiapoptotic signaling. Cycloheximide blocked TNF-alpha-mediated antiapoptotic signaling, suggesting protein synthesis is required. Inhibition of either PKC-delta or PI 3-kinase attenuated TNF-alpha-mediated activation of the antiapoptotic transcription factor NFkappaB. Thus both PKC-delta and PI 3-kinase have essential roles in TNF-alpha-mediated antiapoptotic signaling in adherent neutrophils.

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