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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 May 24;293(5):1389-95.

Hsc62, Hsc56, and GrpE, the third Hsp70 chaperone system of Escherichia coli.

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  • 1Institute for Chemical Research, Kyoto University, Uji, Kyoto-Fu 611-0011, Japan.


Hsc62 is the third Hsp70 homolog of Escherichia coli, which we found previously. Hsc62 is structurally and biochemically similar to DnaK, but hscC gene encoding Hsc62 did not compensate for the defects in the dnaK-null mutant of E. coli MC4100 strain. We cloned the ybeV gene and purified the gene product named Hsc56, a 55,687-Da protein with a J-domain like sequence. Hsc56 stimulated the ATPase activity of only Hsc62 but not those of the other Hsp70 homologs, DnaK and Hsc66. Hsc56 contains the -His-Pro-Glu- sequence corresponding to the His-Pro-Asp motif in DnaJ, which is indispensable for DnaJ to interact with DnaK. Conversion of -His-Pro-Glu- to -Ala-Ala-Ala- abolished the ability of Hsc56 to stimulate the ATPase activity of Hsc62. GrpE, a nucleotide exchange factor for DnaK, also stimulated the ATPase activity of Hsc62 in the presence of Hsc56. Hsc62-Hsc56-GrpE is probably a new Hsp70 chaperone system of E. coli.

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