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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 Apr 26;293(1):478-88.

Protein engineering and properties of human metalloproteinase and thrombospondin 1.

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  • 1Human Genome Sciences Inc., Rockville, MD 20850, USA.


This work generated many truncated proteins and Glu(385) to Ala (E(385)/A) mutants of the human metalloproteinase and thrombospondin 1 (METH-1 or ADAMTS1) and specific antibodies. METH-1 was an active endopeptidase and both the metalloproteinase and the disintegrin/cysteine-rich domains were required for the proteinase activity. A point mutation at the zinc-binding site (E(385)/A) abolished the catalytic activity. METH-1 protein function may be modulated through proteolytic cleavage at multiple sites. One 135 kDa species had an NH(2)-terminal sequence of L(33)GRPSEEDEE. A species at 115 kDa and some other protein bands began with F(236)VSSHRYV(243), indicating that METH-1 proenzyme might be activated by a proprotein convertase such as furin by cleaving the R(235)-F(236) peptide bond. This cleavage was not an autocatalytic process since the E(385)/A mutants were also processed. Furthermore, a 52 kDa band with an NH(2)-terminal sequence of L(800)KEPLTIQV resulted from the digestion between the first and the second thrombospondin 1-like motifs in the spacer region of the extracellular matrix-binding domains.

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