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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 May 17;293(4):1174-82.

FGF-2 and TPA induce matrix metalloproteinase-9 secretion in MCF-7 cells through PKC activation of the Ras/ERK pathway.

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Laboratoire de Recherche sur la Croissance Cellulaire, la Réparation et la Régénération Tissulaires, CNRS UPRES-A 7053, Université Paris XII, Avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94000 Créteil, France.


Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in cancer metastasis. Here, we investigated the effect of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) on the secretion of type IV collagenases (MMP-2, MMP-9) in breast cancer MCF-7 cells. As shown by gelatin zymography, both FGF-2 and TPA stimulated the secretion of MMP-9 in MCF-7 cells while they did not change the level of MMP-2 secretion. Signaling cascade studies indicated that both FGF-2 and TPA induced Ras activation, c-Raf phosphorylation, mitogen-activated protein kinase/ERK kinase (MEK(1/2)) phosphorylation, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK(1/2)) phosphorylation. The FGF-2- and TPA-induced MMP-9 secretion was significantly inhibited by transient transfection of MCF-7 cells with dominant negative Ras (Ras-N17) and by treatment with MEK(1/2) inhibitor PD98059. A pan-protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, GF109203X, was found to totally abolish the FGF-2- and TPA-induced MMP-9 secretion and ERK(1/2) phosphorylation. Use of isoform-specific PKC inhibitors such as Rotllerin and Gö6976 suggested, moreover, that the PKC-delta isoform is a likely component of FGF-2 and TPA trophic signaling. These results demonstrated that FGF-2 and TPA induce MMP-9 secretion in MCF-7 cells mainly through PKC-dependent activation of the Ras/ERK(1/2) signaling pathway.

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