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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2002 May 17;293(4):1174-82.

FGF-2 and TPA induce matrix metalloproteinase-9 secretion in MCF-7 cells through PKC activation of the Ras/ERK pathway.

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1
Laboratoire de Recherche sur la Croissance Cellulaire, la Réparation et la Régénération Tissulaires, CNRS UPRES-A 7053, Université Paris XII, Avenue du Général de Gaulle, 94000 Créteil, France.

Abstract

Matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) play an important role in cancer metastasis. Here, we investigated the effect of fibroblast growth factor-2 (FGF-2) and 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) on the secretion of type IV collagenases (MMP-2, MMP-9) in breast cancer MCF-7 cells. As shown by gelatin zymography, both FGF-2 and TPA stimulated the secretion of MMP-9 in MCF-7 cells while they did not change the level of MMP-2 secretion. Signaling cascade studies indicated that both FGF-2 and TPA induced Ras activation, c-Raf phosphorylation, mitogen-activated protein kinase/ERK kinase (MEK(1/2)) phosphorylation, and extracellular signal-regulated kinase (ERK(1/2)) phosphorylation. The FGF-2- and TPA-induced MMP-9 secretion was significantly inhibited by transient transfection of MCF-7 cells with dominant negative Ras (Ras-N17) and by treatment with MEK(1/2) inhibitor PD98059. A pan-protein kinase C (PKC) inhibitor, GF109203X, was found to totally abolish the FGF-2- and TPA-induced MMP-9 secretion and ERK(1/2) phosphorylation. Use of isoform-specific PKC inhibitors such as Rotllerin and Gö6976 suggested, moreover, that the PKC-delta isoform is a likely component of FGF-2 and TPA trophic signaling. These results demonstrated that FGF-2 and TPA induce MMP-9 secretion in MCF-7 cells mainly through PKC-dependent activation of the Ras/ERK(1/2) signaling pathway.

PMID:
12054499
DOI:
10.1016/S0006-291X(02)00350-9
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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