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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2002 Apr 15;400(2):245-57.

The multisubunit acetyl-CoA carboxylase is strongly associated with the chloroplast envelope through non-ionic interactions to the carboxyltransferase subunits.

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Department of Plant Biology, Michigan State University, East Lansing, MI 48824, USA.


The committed step for de novo fatty acid biosynthesis is the carboxylation of acetyl-CoA catalyzed by acetyl-CoA carboxylase (ACCase). Plastidial ACCase from most plants is a multisubunit complex composed of multiple copies of four different polypeptides, biotin carboxyl carrier protein (BCCP), biotin carboxylase (BC), and carboxyltransferase (alpha-CT and beta-CT). Immunoblot analyses revealed these four proteins were mostly (69% of total) associated with a 17,000 g insoluble fraction from lysed pea chloroplasts. Under the same conditions only 8% of ribulose-1,5-bisphosphate carboxylase was associated with this insoluble fraction. BCCP and biotin carboxylase BC subunits freely dissociated from 17 kg insoluble fractions under high ionic strength conditions, whereas alpha-CT and beta-CT subunits remained tightly associated. Both CT subunits were highly enriched in envelope versus stroma and thylakoid preparations whereas BC and BCCP subunits were predominantly stromal-localized due to partial dissociation. Rapid solubilization of intact chloroplasts with Triton X-100 followed by centrifugation at 30 kg resulted in a pellet that was up to 8-fold enriched in ACCase activity and 21-fold enriched in BC activity. Triton-insoluble 30 kg pellets were reduced in lipid and chlorophyll content but enriched in chloroplast DNA due to the isolation of nucleoid particles. However, ACCase was not directly associated with nucleoids since enzymatic digestion of DNA or RNA had no effect on the association with Triton-insoluble matter. The amount of Triton-insoluble ACCase was similar in chloroplasts isolated from dark- or light-adapted leaves suggesting transitory starch granules were also not involved in this association. It is proposed that ACCase is associated with envelope membranes through interactions with an unidentified integral membrane protein.

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