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Int J Syst Evol Microbiol. 2002 May;52(Pt 3):841-9.

Reclassification of Bacteroides forsythus (Tanner et al. 1986) as Tannerella forsythensis corrig., gen. nov., comb. nov.

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Japan Collection of Microorganisms, RIKEN, Wako, Saitama.


The characteristics of the fusiform species Bacteroides forsythus, isolated from human periodontal pockets, were examined. 165 rDNA sequence analysis confirmed that B. forsythus was not a species within the genus Bacteroides sensu stricto. Although B. forsythus was phylogenetically related to Bacteroides distasonis and Bacteroides merdae in the phylogenetic tree, the ratio of anteiso-15:0 to iso-15:0 in whole-cell methanolysates of B. forsythus was different from those of B. distasonis, B. merdae and other Bacteroides species. B. forsythus did not grow on medium containing 20% bile, but members of the Bacteroides fragilis group did. B. forsythus was the only species tested that was trypsin-positive in API ZYM tests. The dehydrogenase enzyme pattern was of no use for the differentiation of B. forsythus and the B. fragilis group. On the basis of these data, a new genus, Tannerella, is proposed for Bacteroides forsythus, with one species, Tannerella forsythensis corrig., gen. nov., comb. nov. The type strain of Tannerella forsythensis is JCM 10827T (= ATCC 43037T).

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