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Mol Cell Biol. 2002 Jul;22(13):4750-9.

Internalization-dependent and -independent requirements for transforming growth factor beta receptor signaling via the Smad pathway.

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1
Thoracic Diseases Research Unit and Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, Minnesota 55905, USA.

Abstract

Members of the transforming growth factor beta (TGF-beta) family of proteins signal through cell surface transmembrane serine/threonine protein kinases known as type I and type II receptors. The TGF-beta signal is extended through phosphorylation of receptor-associated Smad proteins by the type I receptor. Although numerous investigations have established the sequence of events in TGF-beta receptor (TGF-beta R) activation, none have examined the role of the endocytic pathway in initiation and/or maintenance of the signaling response. In this study we investigated whether TGF-beta R internalization modulates type I receptor activation, the formation of a functional receptor/Smad/SARA complex, Smad2/3 phosphorylation or nuclear translocation, and TGF-beta-dependent reporter gene activity. Our data provide evidence that, whereas type I receptor phosphorylation and association of SARA and Smad2 with the TGF-beta R complex take place independently of clathrin lattice formation, Smad2 or Smad3 activation and downstream signaling only occur after endocytic vesicle formation. Thus, TGF-beta R endocytosis is not simply a way to dampen the signaling response but instead is required to propagate signaling via the Smad pathway.

PMID:
12052882
PMCID:
PMC133902
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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