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Adv Drug Deliv Rev. 2002 Jun 17;54(4):587-606.

Polyethylene glycol-superoxide dismutase, a conjugate in search of exploitation.

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  • 1Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Padova, 5, Via Marzolo, 35100 Padova, Italy. francesco.veronese@unipd.it

Abstract

Without a doubt PEG-SOD has been the enzyme most studied in PEGylation. One can say that it represents the preferred model to assess chemistries for PEG activation, analytical procedures suitable for conjugate characterization, the influence of PEG size in conjugate removal from circulation and elimination of immunogenicity and antigenicity, and the effect of route of administration. The effect of PEG conjugation was studied in vitro and in vivo models in comparison with the free enzyme and the following conclusions may be drawn: (1) At the blood vessel level, PEG-SOD has been shown to provide a greater resistance to oxidant stress, to improve endothelium relaxation and inhibit lipid oxidation. (2) In the heart, PEG-SOD proved to be at least as effective as native SOD in treatment of reperfusion-induced arrhythmias and myocardial ischemia. (3) In the lung, PEG-SOD appeared to be able to reduce oxygen toxicity and E. coli-induced lung injury, but not in the treatment of lung physiopathology associated with endotoxin-induced acute respiratory failure and in the reduction of asbestos-induced cell damage. (4) On cerebral ischemia/reperfusion injuries the effect of PEG-SOD was uncertain, also due to the difficulty of cerebral cell penetration. (5) In kidney and liver ischemia both enzyme forms were found to ameliorate reperfusion damage. In view of so much positive research on PEG-SOD, it is surprising that no approved application in human therapy has been established and approved.

PMID:
12052716
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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