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Characterization of cyclooxygenase-2 (COX-2) during tumorigenesis in human epithelial cancers: evidence for potential clinical utility of COX-2 inhibitors in epithelial cancers.

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1
Pharmacia Corporation, 700 Chesterfield Pkway N, BB3K, St Louis, MO 63198, USA. Alane.T.Koki@pharmacia.com

Abstract

Increased prostaglandins (PGs) are associated with many inflammatory pathophysiological conditions; and are synthesized from arachidonic acid by either of 2 enzymes, cyclooxygenase-1 (COX-1) or -2 (COX-2). Recent epidemiologic, expression, and pharmacologic studies suggest COX-2 derived metabolites also play a functional role in the maintenance of tumor viability, growth and metastasis. Archival and/or prospectively collected human tissues were prepared for immunohistochemistry, and representative cases assayed via Western blot, RT-PCR, or TAQman analysis. Consistent overexpression of COX-2 was observed in a broad range of premalignant, malignant, and metastatic human epithelial cancers. COX-2 was detected in ca. 85% of the hyperproliferating, dysplastic, and neoplastic epithelial cells, and in the existing and angiogenic vasculature within and adjacent to hyperplastic/neoplastic lesions. These data collectively imply COX-2 may play an important role during premalignant hyperproliferation, as well as the later stages of invasive carcinoma and metastasis in various human epithelial cancers.

PMID:
12051953
DOI:
10.1054/plef.2001.0335
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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