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Magy Onkol. 2001;45(2):143-148.

[Stomato-oncological screening examinations: possibilities for early diagnosis]

[Article in Hungarian]

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Department of Oral Biology and Oral Surgery, Semmelweis University, Budapest, H-1089, Hungary.


The dramatic increase in the mortality of lip- and oral cancers in Hungary in the last decades points to the importance of primary and secondary prevention. Stomato-oncological screening examinations belong to the latter category, and might represent useful tools in the early diagnosis and treatment of oral carcinomas and precancerous lesions. The aim of the paper is to review the methods, results and effectivity of stomato-oncological screening examinations in Hungary. Between 1962 and 2000 nine screening examinations were performed: one on a population sample, one in an industrial setting, four connected to X-ray lung-screening examinations (one with the help of a mobile unit), one on voluntary persons, one on high risk people (homeless), one in general medical practice. Among these, in the last five years, in the course of the stomato-oncological examination of 17325 individuals, oral carcinoma has been found in 0.12%, and oral precanceroses in 2.63%. Although the general dentist is obliged by law to perform a stomato-oncological examination on the patients appearing in the practice, unfortunately, about 50-to-90% of the population does not visit a dentist regularly. The regular examination of these - high risk - groups by the help of the above methods, including the help of general medical practitioners is highly recommended.

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