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J Biol Chem. 2002 Aug 16;277(33):29568-76. Epub 2002 Jun 4.

Adaptor protein Shc is an isoform-specific direct activator of the tyrosine kinase c-Src.

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Research Center for Environmental Genomics, Department of Biology, Faculty of Science, Kobe University, Nada, Kobe 657-8501, Japan.


The activity of c-Src protein-tyrosine kinase is up-regulated under a number of receptor signaling pathways. However, the activation mechanism of c-Src under physiological conditions has remained unclear. We show here that the Shc adaptor protein is a novel direct activator of c-Src in epidermal growth factor receptor signaling in A431 human epidermoid carcinoma cells. Among the three Shc isoforms, P66 and P52, but not P46, were found to interact with and activate c-Src in vitro and in vivo. Activation of c-Src accompanied autophosphorylation of c-Src in the activation segment, but the carboxyl-terminal dephosphorylation was not observed. We have identified the interaction sites between Shc and c-Src and constructed a point mutant of Shc that abolishes the c-Src activation. Using this mutant, we have confirmed that the Shc-mediated c-Src activation triggers Stat-p21/WAF1/Cip1 pathway that has been implicated in the cell cycle arrest and apoptosis of epidermal growth factor-stimulated A431 cells.

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