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J Paediatr Child Health. 2002 Jun;38(3):290-4.

Staphylococcus aureus bacteraemia in children: a 5-year retrospective review.

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1
Department of Immunology and Infectious Diseases, Children's Hospital at Westmead, Sydney, New South Wales, Australia.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The clinical presentation of Staphyloccocus aureus bacteraemia has been well described in adults, but there is a paucity of published data on the presentation of S. aureus bacteraemia in children. This review sought to compare the presentation of S. aureus in children with that of adults.

METHODS:

We conducted a 5-year retrospective chart review of S. aureus bacteraemia at the Royal Alexandra Hospital for Children between 1994 and 1998.

RESULTS:

Of the 140 episodes of S. aureus bacteraemia, 53% were community acquired and 47% nosocomially acquired. The clinical presentation of S. aureus bacteraemia in the children in the present study differed significantly from published studies of adult patients. Of children with community-acquired bacteraemia without pre-existing medical conditions, 59% had a bone or joint infection, which is higher than adult series. Endocarditis has been associated with up to 30% of community-acquired bacteraemia in adults but was much less frequent (1.4%) in the present study. Despite the infrequent use of empiric antibiotic therapy (34% of episodes), the case fatality rate (1.4%) was significantly lower than the published literature relating to adults (11-32%).

CONCLUSION:

The present study highlights the differences between S. aureus bacteraemia in adults and children.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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