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J Control Release. 2002 Jun 17;81(3):291-306.

Bioadhesive microdevices with multiple reservoirs: a new platform for oral drug delivery.

Author information

1
Department of Bioengineering, University of Illinois, Chicago, IL 60607, USA.

Abstract

A variety of delivery systems have been devised, in recent years, to improve the oral bioavailability of drugs including enterically coated tablets, capsules, particles, and liposomes. Microfabrication technology may offer some potential advantages over conventional drug delivery technologies. This technology, combined with appropriate surface chemistry, may permit the highly localized and unidirectional release of drugs, permeation enhancers, and/or promoters. In this study, we demonstrate the fabrication of prototype reservoir-containing microdevices and a surface chemistry protocol that can be used to bind lectin via avidin-biotin interactions to these micromachined drug delivery vehicles. The use of microfabrication allows one to tailor the size, shape, reservoir volume, and surface characteristics of the drug delivery vehicle. In vitro studies show enhanced bioadhesion of these lectin conjugated silicon microdevices. This approach may be used to improve the absorption of pharmacologically active biopolymers such as peptides, proteins and oligonucleotides into circulation at targeted sites in the GI system via the creation of a robust hybrid organic/inorganic delivery system. This paper describes one of the first applications of microfabrication to oral drug delivery.

PMID:
12044568
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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