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J Hepatol. 2002 Jun;36(6):742-50.

Cytokine regulation of pro- and anti-apoptotic genes in rat hepatocytes: NF-kappaB-regulated inhibitor of apoptosis protein 2 (cIAP2) prevents apoptosis.

Author information

1
Center for Liver, Digestive and Metabolic Diseases, University Hospital Groningen, PO Box 30.001, 9700 RB, Groningen, The Netherlands. m.h.schoemaker@med.rug.nl

Abstract

BACKGROUND/AIMS:

In acute liver failure, hepatocytes are exposed to various cytokines that activate both cell survival and apoptotic pathways. NF-kappaB is a central transcription factor in these responses. Recent studies indicate that blocking NF-kappaB causes apoptosis, indicating the existence of NF-kappaB-regulated anti-apoptotic genes. In the present study the relationship between NF-kappaB activation and apoptosis has been investigated in hepatocytes.

METHODS:

Primary rat hepatocytes were exposed to a cytokine mixture of tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin-1beta, interferon-gamma and lipopolysaccharide. Modulation of signalling pathways was performed by using dominant negative adenoviral constructs. Apoptosis and NF-kappaB activation were determined by caspase-3 activity, Hoechst staining and electrophoretic mobility shift assay, respectively. Furthermore, expression and regulation of apoptosis-related genes were investigated.

RESULTS:

(1) Inhibition of NF-kappaB activation results in apoptosis. (2) Inhibitor of apoptosis protein (IAP) family members, inhibitor of apoptosis protein1 (cIAP1), and X-chromosome-linked IAP, are expressed in rat hepatocytes. cIAP2 is induced by cytokines in an NF-kappaB-dependent manner and overexpression of cIAP2 inhibits apoptosis. (3) The anti-apoptotic Bcl-2 family member A1/Bfl-1 and the pro-apoptotic members Bak and Bid are induced by cytokines and NF-kappaB-dependent. (4) Nitric oxide inhibits caspase-3 activity in hepatocytes.

CONCLUSIONS:

In inflammatory conditions, hepatocyte survival is dependent on NF-kappaB activation and cIAP2 contributes significantly to this protection.

PMID:
12044523
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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