Send to

Choose Destination
Pharmacogenetics. 2002 Jun;12(4):339-42.

Linkage disequilibrium between the 677C>T and 1298A>C polymorphisms in human methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase gene and their contributions to risk of colorectal cancer.

Author information

Department of Community and Preventive Medicine, Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New York, NY, USA.


A common polymorphism in a folate-metabolizing gene, methylenetetrahydrofolate reductase (MTHFR) 677C>T has been associated with reduced risk of colorectal cancer. In this study, we investigated whether a second common polymorphism of the gene, MTHFR 1298A>C, is an independent risk factor for colorectal cancer and if it is associated with plasma folate and total homocysteine (tHcy) levels. We also examined whether the 677C>T and 1298A>C polymorphisms are in linkage disequilibrium and whether combined heterozygosity confers additional (or reduced) risk of colorectal cancer. We conducted a nested case-control study of 211 incident colorectal cancer cases and 343 controls in the prospective Physicians' Health Study. The MTHFR 677C>T and 1298A>C polymorphisms were in linkage disequilibrium in this population. Compared to MTHFR 1298AA genotype, multivariate-adjusted relative risk of colorectal cancer was 0.73 (95% CI 0.37-1.43) for the MTHFR 1298CC genotype. The slight reduction in risk was not a result of its linkage disequilibrium with the 677C>T polymorphism. This polymorphism was not significantly correlated with the plasma folate and tHcy levels. The combined heterozygosity did not modify the cancer risk; nor did it change the plasma folate and tHcy significantly. We conclude that the MTHFR 1298A>C polymorphism is a less substantial independent risk factor for colorectal cancer compared to the 677C>T polymorphism.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wolters Kluwer
Loading ...
Support Center