Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Public Health Rep. 2001 Sep-Oct;116(5):404-16.

Racial residential segregation: a fundamental cause of racial disparities in health.

Author information

1
Department of Sociology and Survey Research Center, Institute for Social Research, University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI 48106-1248, USA. wildavid@umich.edu

Abstract

Racial residential segregation is a fundamental cause of racial disparities in health. The physical separation of the races by enforced residence in certain areas is an institutional mechanism of racism that was designed to protect whites from social interaction with blacks. Despite the absence of supportive legal statutes, the degree of residential segregation remains extremely high for most African Americans in the United States. The authors review evidence that suggests that segregation is a primary cause of racial differences in socioeconomic status (SES) by determining access to education and employment opportunities. SES in turn remains a fundamental cause of racial differences in health. Segregation also creates conditions inimical to health in the social and physical environment. The authors conclude that effective efforts to eliminate racial disparities in health must seriously confront segregation and its pervasive consequences.

PMID:
12042604
PMCID:
PMC1497358
DOI:
10.1093/phr/116.5.404
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Atypon Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center