Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Exp Immunol. 2002 May;128(2):221-8.

Interleukin-1beta induces in vivo tolerance to lipopolysaccharide in mice.

Author information

1
División Immunología, Instituto de Investigaciones Hematológicas, Academia Nacional de Medicina, Buenos Aires, Argentina. ferar@ciudad.com.ar

Abstract

Endotoxin or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) tolerance may be partially due to the secretion of potent anti-inflammatory cytokines following severe Gram-negative infections, or by low doses of LPS. In this work, we describe the effects of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-), two early cytokines secreted after LPS exposure, in the induction of LPS tolerance. Our results demonstrate that mice treated with three daily doses of 100 ng of IL-1 were tolerant to LPS-induced shock. However, TNF- was unable to induce an LPS refractory state. Given the fact that 100 ng of IL-1 increase the plasma levels of glucocorticoids, we evaluated whether a daily injection of dexamethasone (DEX) alone was able to reproduce the LPS-like tolerant state. However, no signs of LPS refractoriness were detected, except when DEX was administered concomitantly with a dose of IL-1 that does not induce corticosterone secretion (12 ng/mouse). This dose was found to induce in vitro up-regulation of the glucocorticoid receptors (GcR) of peritoneal macrophages following 24 h of treatment. In addition, we demonstrate that IL-1 is capable of inducing the down-regulation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a crucial molecule in the signal transduction of LPS. Taken together, our results indicate that IL-1 can generate tolerance to LPS in vivo, and suggest that the regulation of mechanisms of the down-regulation of TLR4, as well as those involved in the expression of GcR and/or in the secretion of glucocorticoids, would be crucial for these effects.

PMID:
12041508
PMCID:
PMC1906386
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center