Send to

Choose Destination
Clin Exp Immunol. 2002 May;128(2):221-8.

Interleukin-1beta induces in vivo tolerance to lipopolysaccharide in mice.

Author information

División Immunología, Instituto de Investigaciones Hematológicas, Academia Nacional de Medicina, Buenos Aires, Argentina.


Endotoxin or lipopolysaccharide (LPS) tolerance may be partially due to the secretion of potent anti-inflammatory cytokines following severe Gram-negative infections, or by low doses of LPS. In this work, we describe the effects of interleukin-1 (IL-1) and tumour necrosis factor alpha (TNF-), two early cytokines secreted after LPS exposure, in the induction of LPS tolerance. Our results demonstrate that mice treated with three daily doses of 100 ng of IL-1 were tolerant to LPS-induced shock. However, TNF- was unable to induce an LPS refractory state. Given the fact that 100 ng of IL-1 increase the plasma levels of glucocorticoids, we evaluated whether a daily injection of dexamethasone (DEX) alone was able to reproduce the LPS-like tolerant state. However, no signs of LPS refractoriness were detected, except when DEX was administered concomitantly with a dose of IL-1 that does not induce corticosterone secretion (12 ng/mouse). This dose was found to induce in vitro up-regulation of the glucocorticoid receptors (GcR) of peritoneal macrophages following 24 h of treatment. In addition, we demonstrate that IL-1 is capable of inducing the down-regulation of Toll-like receptor 4 (TLR4), a crucial molecule in the signal transduction of LPS. Taken together, our results indicate that IL-1 can generate tolerance to LPS in vivo, and suggest that the regulation of mechanisms of the down-regulation of TLR4, as well as those involved in the expression of GcR and/or in the secretion of glucocorticoids, would be crucial for these effects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center