Send to

Choose Destination
Int Immunol. 2002 Jun;14(6):577-84.

The variable, C(H)1, C(H)2 and C(H)3 domains of Ig heavy chain are dispensable for pre-BCR function in transgenic mice.

Author information

Department of Molecular and Cell Biology, University of California, Berkeley, CA 94720-3200, USA.


The pre-BCR consists of Ig micro protein, the product of a heavy chain gene assembled by V(D)J recombination in pro-B cells, the surrogate light chains V(pre-B) and lambda 5, and the signaling chains Ig alpha and Ig beta. Signaling by the pre-BCR is a checkpoint required for further maturation of pro-B cells in the adult bone marrow. However, it is currently not known whether an extracellular ligand is required to initiate pre-BCR signaling. We reasoned that if the ectodomain of the pre-BCR is required to interact with a ligand, then a truncated heavy chain protein would not support B cell development. To test this notion, we produced transgenic mice expressing a heavy chain protein whose extracellular domains except for C(H)4 were replaced by an irrelevant Ig superfamily ectodomain from the human CD8 alpha protein. This transgene resulted in pre-BCR-like signaling since it rescued development of pre-B cells in recombinase-activating gene (RAG)1-deficient mice and resulted in allelic exclusion of the endogenous Ig heavy chain gene in RAG-proficient mice. These findings lead us to suggest that the majority of the extracellular region of the pre-BCR is not required for pre-BCR function and, thus, ligand binding is unlikely to be required for pre-BCR function.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Silverchair Information Systems
Loading ...
Support Center