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Am J Public Health. 2002 Jun;92(6):1002-6.

Estimates of global and regional smoking prevalence in 1995, by age and sex.

Author information

1
World Bank, Washington, DC, USA. prabhat.jha@utoronto.edu

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

We calculated regional and sex- and age-specific smoking prevalence estimates worldwide in 1995.

METHODS:

Sex-specific smoking prevalence data from studies in 139 countries and age distribution data from 7 studies were analyzed.

RESULTS:

Globally, 29% of persons aged 15 years or older were regular smokers in 1995. Four fifths of the world's 1.1 billion smokers lived in low- or middle-income countries. East Asian countries accounted for a disproportionately high percentage (38%) of the world's smokers. Males accounted for four fifths of all smokers, and prevalence among males and females was highest among those aged 30 to 49 years (34%).

CONCLUSIONS:

Future decades will see dramatic increases in tobacco-attributable deaths in low- and middle-income regions. Although much of this excess mortality can be prevented if smokers stop smoking, quitting remains rare in low- and middle-income countries.

PMID:
12036796
PMCID:
PMC1447501
DOI:
10.2105/ajph.92.6.1002
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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