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Plant Mol Biol. 2002 Jun-Jul;49(3-4):357-72.

Secondary messengers and phospholipase A2 in auxin signal transduction.

Author information

1
Universität Hannover, Institut für Zierpflanzenbau, Baumschule und Pflanzenzüchtung, Hannover, Germany. scherer@zier.uni-hannover.de

Abstract

Despite recent progress auxin signal transduction remains largely scetchy and enigmatic. A good body of evidence supports the notion that the ABP1 could be a functional receptor or part of a receptor, respectively, but this is not generally accepted. Evidence for other functional receptors is lacking, as is any clearcut evidence for a function of G proteins. Protons may serve as second messengers in guard cells but the existing evidence for a role of calcium remains to be clearified. Phospholipases C and D seem not to have a function in auxin signal transduction whereas the indications for a role of phospholipase A2 in auxin signal transduction accumulated recently. Mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) is modulated by auxin and the protein kinase PINOID has a role in auxin transport modulation even though their functional linkage to other signalling molecules is ill-defined. It is hypothesized that signal transduction precedes activation of early genes such as IAA genes and that ubiquitination and the proteasome are a mechanism to integrate signal duration and signal strength in plants and act as major regulators of hormone sensitivity.

PMID:
12036260
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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