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Biochemistry. 2002 Jun 4;41(22):7082-91.

Positive and negative regulatory role of insulin receptor substrate 1 and 2 (IRS-1 and IRS-2) serine/threonine phosphorylation.

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Global Research and Development, Pfizer, Inc., Groton, Connecticut 06340, USA.


Insulin receptor substrates (IRS) 1 and 2 are phosphorylated on serine/threonine (Ser/Thr) residues in quiescent cells (basal phosphorylation), and phosphorylation on both Ser/Thr and tyrosine residues is increased upon insulin stimulation. To determine whether basal Ser/Thr phosphorylation of IRS proteins influences insulin receptor catalyzed tyrosine phosphorylation, recombinant FLAG epitope-tagged IRS-1 (F-IRS-1) and IRS-2 (F-IRS-2) were expressed, purified, and subjected to both dephosphorylation and hyperphosphorylation prior to phosphorylation by the insulin receptor kinase. As expected, hyperphosphorylation of F-IRS-1 and F-IRS-2 by GSK3beta decreased their subsequent phosphorylation on tyrosine residues by the insulin receptor. Surprisingly, however, dephosphorylation of the basal Ser/Thr phosphorylation sites impaired subsequent phosphorylation on tyrosine, suggesting that basal Ser/Thr phosphorylation of F-IRS-1 and F-IRS-2 plays a positive role in phosphorylation by the insulin receptor tyrosine kinase. Dephosphorylation of basal Ser/Thr sites on F-IRS-1 also significantly reduced tyrosine phosphorylation by the IGF-1 receptor. However, dephosphorylation of F-IRS-2 significantly increased phosphorylation by the IGF-1 receptor, suggesting that basal phosphorylation of IRS-2 has divergent effects on its interaction with the insulin and IGF-1 receptors. Phosphorylation of endogenous IRS-1 and IRS-2 from 3T3-L1 adipocytes was modulated in a similar manner. IRS-1 and IRS-2 from serum-fed cells were hyperphosphorylated, and dephosphorylation induced either by serum deprivation or by alkaline phosphatase treatment after immunoprecipitation led to an increase in tyrosine phosphorylation by the insulin receptor. Dephosphorylation of IRS-1 and IRS-2 immunoprecipitated from serum-deprived cells, however, resulted in inhibition of tyrosine phosphorylation by the insulin receptor. These data suggest that Ser/Thr phosphorylation can have both a positive and a negative regulatory role on tyrosine phosphorylation of IRS-1 and IRS-2 by insulin and IGF-1 receptors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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