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J Epidemiol. 2002 Mar;12(2):70-6.

Aldehyde dehydrogenase 2 (ALDH2) genotype affects rectal cancer susceptibility due to alcohol consumption.

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  • 1Division of Epidemiology and Prevention, Aichi Cancer Center Research Institute, Nagoya, Japan.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Epidemiologic studies have shown the association between alcohol consumption and colorectal cancer, especially for rectal cancer. The alcohol related enzyme encoding gene ALDH2 has polymorphism Glu487Lys, and 487Lys allele is closely linked with phenotypic loss of enzyme activity.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

A hospital-based case-control study was conducted with 72 colon and 70 rectal cancer cases and 241 non-cancer controls to evaluate the alcohol consumption and ALDH2 Glu487Lys polymorphism. The logistic regression model was applied to estimate the odds ratios (ORs).

RESULT:

The crude ORs for Glu/Lys and Lys/Lys genotype relative to Glu/Glu for colon and rectal cancer were not statistically significant. However, with the rectal cancer analysis, the ORs for high alcohol consumption were greater with 487Glu/Lys genotype compared with Glu/Glu, albeit not.

CONCLUSIONS:

These observations suggested rectal cancer risk might be influenced by ALDH2 gene polymorphism. The prevention effect by alcohol reduction might differ by ALDH2 genotype.

PMID:
12033531
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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