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Biol Chem. 2002 Mar-Apr;383(3-4):365-74.

15-lipoxygenase-1: a prooxidant enzyme.

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Institut für Physiologische Chemie I, Heinrich-Heine-Universität Düsseldorf, Germany.


Human and rabbit reticulocyte 15-lipoxygenase (15-lipoxygenase-1) and the leukocyte-type 12-lipoxygenases (12/15-lipoxygenases) of pig, beef, mouse and rat constitute a particular subfamily of mammalian lipoxygenases (reticulocyte-type lipoxygenases) with unique properties and functions. They catalyze enzymatic lipid peroxidation in complex biological structures via direct dioxygenation of phospholipids and cholesterol esters of biomembranes and plasma lipoproteins. Moreover, they are a source of free radicals initiating non-enzymatic lipid peroxidation and other oxidative processes. Expression and activity of reticulocyte-type lipoxygenases are highly regulated. Moreover, the susceptibility of intracellular membranes toward these lipoxygenases is controlled and may be increased together with lipoxygenase activity under conditions of oxidative stress. Thus, oxidative stress may favor a concerted package of lipoxygenase-mediated enzymatic and non-enzymatic lipid peroxidation and co-oxidative processes. Reaction of reticulocyte-type lipoxygenases with low-density lipoprotein renders the latter atherogenic and appears to be involved in the formation of atherosclerotic lesions.

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