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Pharm Res. 2002 Apr;19(4):396-402.

Targeted delivery of doxorubicin by HPMA copolymer-hyaluronan bioconjugates.

Author information

1
Department of Medicinal Chemistry, The University of Utah, Salt Lake City, USA.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Overexpression of hyaluronan (HA) receptors on cancer cells results in enhanced endocytotic uptake of the drug conjugate. An N-(2-hydroxypropyl)methacrylamide (HPMA)-HA polymeric drug delivery system was used for targeted delivery of doxorubicin to cancer cells.

METHODS:

HA-doxorubicin (DOX) bioconjugates (HA-DOX), and HPMA copolymer-DOX conjugates containing HA as a side chain (HPMA-HA-DOX) were synthesized. The cytotoxicity of the polymer-drug conjugate was evaluated via in vitro cell culture. The internalization of the conjugate was visualized by fluorescence microscopy.

RESULTS:

Cytotoxicity of HPMA-HA-DOX targeted bioconjugate was higher against human breast cancer (HBL-100), ovarian cancer (SKOV-3), and colon cancer (HCT-116) cells when compared to the non-targeted HPMA-DOX conjugate. Fluorescence confocal microscopy revealed that the targeted HPMA-HA-DOX conjugates were internalized more efficiently by cancer cells relative to the non-targeted HPMA-DOX conjugate. Both HPMA-DOX and HPMA-HA-DOX showed minimal cytotoxicity toward mouse fibroblast NIH 3T3 cells. The internalization of polymer conjugates was correlated with their cytotoxicity.

CONCLUSIONS:

Selective delivery of anti-cancer agents to cancer cells was achieved by biochemical targeting. The HA-modified HPMA copolymer showed improved toxicity due to receptor-mediated uptake of the macromolecular drug.

PMID:
12033370
DOI:
10.1023/a:1015170907274
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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