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J Ind Microbiol Biotechnol. 2002 Jun;28(6):316-24.

Substrate-dependent autoaggregation of Pseudomonas putida CP1 during the degradation of mono-chlorophenols and phenol.

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School of Biotechnology, Dublin City University, Dublin 9, Ireland.


A bacterium, CP1, identified as Pseudomonas putida strain, was investigated for its ability to grow on and degrade mono-chlorophenols and phenols as sole carbon sources in aerobic shaking batch culture. The organism degraded up to 1.56 mM 2- and 3-chlorophenol, 2.34 mM 4-chlorophenol and 8.5 mM phenol using an ortho-cleavage pathway. P. putida CP1, acclimated to degrade 2-chlorophenol, was capable of 3-chlorocatechol degradation, while P. putida, acclimated to 4-chlorophenol degradation, degraded 4-chlorocatechol. Growth of P. putida CP1 on higher concentrations of the mono-chlorophenols, >or=1.56 mM 4-chlorophenol and >or=0.78 mM 2- and 3-chlorophenol, resulted in decreases in cell biomass despite metabolism of the substrates, and the formation of large aggregates of cells in the culture medium. Increases in cell biomass with no clumping of the cells resulted from growth of P. putida CP1 on phenol or on lower concentrations of mono-chlorophenol. Bacterial adherence to hydrocarbons (BATH) assays showed cells grown on the higher concentrations of mono-chlorophenol to be more hydrophobic than those grown on phenol and lower concentrations of mono-chlorophenol. The results suggested that increased hydrophobicity and autoaggregation of P. putida CP1 were a response to toxicity of the added substrates.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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