Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Cancer Gene Ther. 2002 Jun;9(6):522-32.

Targeting of suicide gene delivery in pancreatic cancer cells via FGF receptors.

Author information

1
Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, and Metabolism, Department of Medicine, University of California, Irvine, California 92697, USA.

Abstract

Pancreatic ductal adenocarcinomas (PDACs) overexpress various cell-surface tyrosine kinase receptors, including the type I high-affinity fibroblast growth factor receptor (FGFR-1). The purpose of this study was to determine whether FGFR-targeted gene therapy is feasible in this disorder. Accordingly, the effects of a conjugate consisting of fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-2 linked to a Fab' fragment against the adenovirus knob region were evaluated in human pancreatic cancer cell lines treated with an adenoviral vector containing the herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase (AdTK) gene. An adenoviral vector containing the firefly luciferase reporter gene (AdLuc) served to assess infection efficiency, and was initially tested in L6 rat myoblasts. In parental L6 cells that express exceedingly low levels of high-affinity FGFRs, transduction with AdLuc was enhanced 7- to 10-fold with the FGF2-Fab' conjugate, whereas in L6 cells transfected to express FGFR-1, it was enhanced 39- to 52-fold. The pancreatic cancer cell lines expressed variable levels of the four high-affinity FGF receptors, and exhibited 2- to 34-fold increases in gene transduction in the presence of the FGF2-Fab' conjugate. In the absence of FGF2-Fab' there was no correlation between surface binding of FGF2 and AdLuc transduction efficiency, whereas in the presence of FGF2-Fab', enhanced AdLuc transduction efficiency correlated with greater surface binding of FGF2. In the absence of AdTK, all the cell lines were insensitive to ganciclovir, whereas after AdTK transduction, only ASPC-1 and PANC-1 cells were resistant to ganciclovir even in the presence of FGF2-Fab'. Ganciclovir-mediated inhibition was dependent on the conjugate in CAPAN-1 and COLO-357 cells, but was independent of the conjugate in T3M4 and MIA-PaCa-2 cells. Real-time quantitative PCR of laser-captured cancer cells revealed high levels of various FGFR mRNA species in six of seven PDAC tumor samples. These findings indicate that transduction efficiency with FGF2-Fab' in pancreatic cancer cells is independent of native adenoviral transduction efficiency and is greatest in cells that exhibit concomitant expression of various high-affinity FGFRs. In view of the overexpression of high-affinity FGFRs in the cancer cells in PDAC, our findings also suggest that the combined use of AdTK, ganciclovir, and FGF2-Fab' may ultimately be a promising therapeutic approach in a subgroup of patients with PDAC.

PMID:
12032663
DOI:
10.1038/sj.cgt.7700464
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Nature Publishing Group
Loading ...
Support Center