Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Neuromuscul Disord. 2002 Jun;12(5):466-75.

Severe progressive form of congenital muscular dystrophy with calf pseudohypertrophy, macroglossia and respiratory insufficiency.

Author information

Service de Pédiatrie, Rééducation et Réanimation Neurorespiratoire, Hôpital Raymond-Poincaré, Garches, France.


A novel form of congenital muscular dystrophy in four unrelated patients is proposed. Congenital hypotonia, markedly increased CK, calf pseudohypertrophy and proximal weakness were common early findings. Two cases were severely affected since infancy and never walked. The phenotypical homogeneity was not very evident until advanced stages of the disease. All the patients showed catastrophic progression of the weakness, severe restrictive respiratory insufficiency, macroglossia, peculiar extreme amyotrophy of hands and feet, and a round and 'puffy' face. All patients became tetraplegic and required mechanical ventilation. Two cases had signs of mild cardiac involvement. The only non-tracheotomised patient died of respiratory complications. No mental retardation or specific brain abnormalities were observed. All patients showed secondary deficit of laminin 2 and up-regulation of laminin 5 in muscle. Expression of -dystroglycan was severely reduced in two available muscle samples. The known loci for congenital muscular dystrophies were excluded in the only consanguineous case by linkage analysis. Clinical, immunohistochemical and genetic findings strongly suggest a distinct entity.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for Elsevier Science
    Loading ...
    Support Center