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J Paediatr Child Health. 2002 Apr;38(2):156-9.

Fundoplication in children with gastro-oesophageal reflux disease.

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School of Women's & Children's Health, Sydney Children's Hospital, Randwick, New South Wales, Australia.



The associations between gastro-oesophageal reflux (GOR), chronic respiratory symptoms and gastrointestinal complications have been well described. The aim of this study was to compare the characteristics of children in whom the main indication for fundoplication was respiratory disease with children who had gastrointestinal indications for surgery.


A retrospective review of 79 children who underwent fundoplication between January 1995 and December 1999.


Forty-nine of the children (62%) had a respiratory indication for fundoplication. Children with neurological impairment tended to have a respiratory rather than a gastrointestinal indication for surgery. Congenital anomalies were present in 47%. Fundoplication in older children was more likely to be for a gastrointestinal indication. Children with neurological impairment were more likely to have a gastrostomy compared to children with normal neurological status (P < 0.01). Children with a respiratory indication were more likely to have three or more diagnostic investigations (P < 0.001). Ninety-two per cent of children with a respiratory indication and 90% with a gastrointestinal indication for fundoplication had at least one positive test for GOR (barium meal or 24-h oesophageal pH monitoring). Oesophagoscopy showed reflux oesophagitis in 46/61. Eighty-five per cent of the children had complete resolution of their symptoms after fundoplication.


Neurological comorbidity was common in children who had surgery for gastro-oesophageal reflux disease, whether for gastrointestinal or respiratory indications. The majority of fundoplications were performed for respiratory indications.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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