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Environ Microbiol. 2002 May;4(5):287-95.

Seasonal dynamics of particle-associated and free-living marine Proteobacteria in a salt marsh tidal creek as determined using fluorescence in situ hybridization.

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Marine Science Program, University of South Carolina, Columbia, SC 29208, USA.


The seasonal distributions of salt marsh free-living and particle-associated bacteria belonging to three subdivisions of the Proteobacteria were determined by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM). More than 66% (median = 78%) of total bacterial cells that were stainable with the fluorescent DNA stain Yo-Pro-1 were also detected using the bacterial probe EUB338. The alpha-Proteobacteria, especially those from the marine Rhodobacter group, were abundant on suspended particles and as free-living cells all year round. The marine Rhodobacter group constituted more than 25% of the particle-associated bacteria and more than 18% of the free-living bacteria. Probes specific for three subgroups within the marine Rhodobacter group detected more than 49% of the total marine Rhodobacter group cells. These subgroups displayed different seasonal dynamics. The marine Rhodobacter group is clearly a widespread, diverse and important bacterial lineage in bacterioplankton and particle-associated assemblages in south-eastern United States salt marshes at all times of the year.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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