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Liver. 2002 Apr;22(2):145-9.

Expression of p57/Kip2 protein in extrahepatic bile duct carcinoma and intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinoma.

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Department of Surgery, Osaka Seamen's Insurance Hospital, 1-8-30, Chikko, Minato-ku, Japan.



Evaluation of the biological character of carcinomas requires understanding of cell cycle regulators. P57 (Kip2) belongs to the Cip/Kip family and is known to be one of the universal negative regulators of cell cycle.


In the present study, therefore, we investigated p57 expression in 37 extrahepatic bile duct carcinomas (BDC) and 28 intrahepatic cholangiocellular carcinomas (CCC).


The average p57 labeling index (LI) in BDC and CCC were 60.8 +/- 7.9 and 58.6 +/- 18.6, respectively, which were significantly lower (p = 0.0008 and p = 0.0408, respectively) than those in normal duct epithelia (73.1 +/- 7.9, 70.4 +/- 8.2). p57 LI was significantly lower in BDC and CCC cases with biological aggressive phenotypes such as poor differentiation (p = 0.0260 and p = 0.0069), lymph node metastasis (p = 0.0274 and p = 0.0214), high Ki-67 LI (p = 0.0164 and p = 0.0343) and cyclin D1 overexpression (p = 0.0359 and p = 0.0255).


These findings suggest that decreased p57 expression is related to the increased activity of cell proliferation and also the progression of these carcinomas.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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