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Eur J Biochem. 2002 May;269(10):2485-90.

Progestin upregulates G-protein-coupled receptor 30 in breast cancer cells.

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Department of Cell Biology, Medical School, 33014 University of Tampere, Finland.


A differential display method was used to study genes the expression of which is altered during growth inhibition induced by medroxyprogesterone acetate (MPA). A transcript of G-protein-coupled receptor 30 (GPR30) was upregulated by MPA in estrogen-treated MCF-7 breast cancer cells. Northern-blot analysis showed a progestin-specific primary target gene, which was enhanced by progesterone and different progestins, but not by dihydrotestosterone or dexamethasone, and which was abrogated by antiprogestin RU486. The dose-dependent and time-dependent increase in GPR30 mRNA expression correlated with MPA-induced growth inhibition in MCF-7 cells. Additionally, GPR30 upregulation by progestin correlated with growth inhibition when a comparison was made between different breast cancer cell lines. The ERK1/ERK2 pathway is capable of inducing progesterone receptor-dependent and ligand-dependent transcription. Thus we sought to establish whether different MAPK pathway inhibitors affect progestin-induced GPR30 mRNA regulation. The regulation of GPR30 was independent of ERK pathway activation, but the p38 pathway inhibitor induced GPR30 expression, which suggested a potential gene regulation pathway. These data demonstrate a new progestin target gene, the expression of which correlates with growth inhibition.

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