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Br J Pharmacol. 2002 Jun;136(3):415-20.

Effects of nitric oxide donors on cardiac contractility in wild-type and myoglobin-deficient mice.

Author information

1
Pharmakologisches Institut, Universität Mainz, Obere Zahlbacher Str. 67, 55101 Mainz, Germany.

Abstract

1. The effects of the nitric oxide (NO) donors S-nitroso-N-acetylpenicillamine (SNAP), sodium(Z)-1-(N,N-diethylamino)diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (DEA-NONOate), and (Z)-1-[N-(2-Aminoethyl)-N-(2-ammonioethyl)amino]diazen-1-ium-1,2-diolate (DETA-NONOate) on force of contraction (F(c)) were studied in atrial and ventricular muscle strips obtained from wild-type (WT) and myoglobin-deficient (myo(-/-)) mice. 2. SNAP slightly reduced F(c) in preparations from WT mice at concentrations above 100 microM; this effect was more pronounced in myo(-/-) mice. 3. DEA-NONOate reduced F(c) in preparations from myo(-/-) mice to a larger extent than those from WT mice. 4. DETA-NONOate reduced F(c) in preparations from myo(-/-) but not from WT mice. 5. Pre-incubation with an inhibitor of the soluble guanylyl cyclase (1H-[1,2,4]oxadiazolo[4,3-a]quinoxalin-1-one; 100 microM) prevented the effects of SNAP, DEA-NONOate and DETA-NONOate on F(c) in myo(-/-) mice. 6. It is suggested that, in physiological conditions, myoglobin acts as intracellular scavenger preventing NO from reaching its intracellular receptors in cardiomyocytes, whereas, in myoglobin-deficient conditions, NO is able to reduce contractility via activation of the soluble guanylyl cyclase/cyclic GMP pathway.

PMID:
12023944
PMCID:
PMC1573367
DOI:
10.1038/sj.bjp.0704740
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
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