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J Biol Chem. 2002 Jul 12;277(28):24843-6. Epub 2002 May 21.

Second cysteine-rich region of epidermal growth factor receptor contains targeting information for caveolae/rafts.

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Department of Cell Biology, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas 75235-9039, USA.


Previous studies have shown that approximately 60% of the epidermal growth factor receptors (EGFRs) in quiescent fibroblasts are concentrated in the caveolae/raft fraction from purified plasma membranes. This high degree of localization suggests the EGFR contains targeting information for lipid domains. We have used mutagenesis to determine that the region of the receptor that controls targeting to caveolae/rafts resides in the juxtamembrane, second cysteine-rich region. A 60-amino acid-long sequence within this region that is continuous with the transmembrane domain was sufficient to target the transmembrane and cytoplasmic tails of both EGFR and the low density lipoprotein receptor to caveolae/rafts. Two N-linked sugars in this segment were not required for proper targeting, although unglycosylated wild-type receptors did not localize properly. We conclude that, in contrast to signals for coated pit localization that are in the cytoplasmic tail, the targeting information for caveolae/rafts is on the extracellular side of the EGFR very close to the membrane.

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