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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2002 Apr 23;210(1):143-7.

Rapid detection of human rotavirus using colorimetric nucleic acid sequence-based amplification (NASBA)-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay in sewage treatment effluent.

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1
Centre de Recherche STELA, Département de Sciences des Aliments et de Nutrition, Université Laval, QC, Canada G1K 7P4.

Abstract

A colorimetric nucleic acid sequence-based amplification-enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (NASBA-ELISA) was developed for rapid detection and identification of human rotavirus. Oligonucleotide primers targeting gene 9 encoding a serotype-specific antigen VP7 were selected and used for the amplification of viral RNA by the isothermal NASBA process, resulting in the accumulation of biotinylated RNA amplicons. Amplicons were hybridized with a specific amino-linked oligonucleotide probe covalently immobilized on microtiter plates. The DNA-RNA hybrids were colorimetrically detected by the addition of streptavidin-peroxidase conjugate and tetramethylbenzidine substrate. Using the NASBA-ELISA system, as little as 0.2 PFU (4 x 10(1) PFU ml(-1)) and 15 PFU (3 x 10(3) PFU ml(-1)) of rotavirus were detected within 6 h in spiked MQ water and sewage treatment effluent respectively. No interference was encountered in the amplification and detection of rotavirus in the presence of non-target RNA or DNA. Moreover, the presence of non-target bacteria and virus does not generate any non-specific signal, confirming the specificity of the developed NASBA-ELISA system and its effectiveness in specifically detecting rotavirus. The NASBA-ELISA system offers several advantages in terms of sensitivity, rapidity and simplicity. This technique should be readily adaptable for detection of other RNA viruses in both foods and clinical samples.

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