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J Am Chem Soc. 2002 May 29;124(21):5993-6002.

Watson-Crick base-pairing properties of tricyclo-DNA.

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  • 1Department of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Bern, Freiestrasse 3, CH-3012 Bern, Switzerland.

Abstract

Tricyclo-DNA belongs to the family of conformationally restricted oligodeoxynucleotide analogues. It differs structurally from DNA by an additional ethylene bridge between the centers C(3') and C(5') of the nucleosides, to which a cyclopropane unit is fused for further enhancement of structural rigidity. The synthesis of the hitherto unknown tricyclodeoxynucleosides containing the bases cytosine and guanine and of the corresponding phosphoramidite building blocks is described, as well as a structural description of a representative of an alpha- and a beta-tricyclodeoxynucleoside by X-ray analysis. Tricyclodeoxynucleoside building blocks of all four bases were used for the synthesis of fully modified mixed-base oligonucleotides. Their Watson-Crick pairing properties with complementary DNA, RNA, and with itself were investigated by UV melting curves, CD spectroscopy, and molecular modeling. Tricyclo-DNA was found to be a very stable Watson-Crick base-pairing system. A UV melting curve analysis of the decamers tcd(pcgtgacagtt) and tcd(paactgtcacg) showed increased thermal stabilities of up to DeltaT(m)/mod. = +1.2 degrees C with complementary DNA and +2.4 degrees C with complementary RNA. With itself, tricyclo-DNA showed an increase in stability of +3.1 degrees C/base pair relative to DNA. Investigations into the thermodynamic properties of these decamers revealed an entropic stabilization and an enthalpic destabilization for the tricyclo-DNA/DNA duplexes. CD spectroscopic structural investigations indicated that tricyclo-DNA containing duplexes preferrably exist in an A-conformation, a fact which is in agreement with results from molecular modeling.

PMID:
12022832
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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