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Nat Neurosci. 2002 Jun;5(6):598-604.

Motion illusions as optimal percepts.

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1
School of Computer Science and Engineering, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Givat Ram Campus, Jerusalem 91904, Israel. yweiss@cs.huji.ac.il

Abstract

The pattern of local image velocities on the retina encodes important environmental information. Although humans are generally able to extract this information, they can easily be deceived into seeing incorrect velocities. We show that these 'illusions' arise naturally in a system that attempts to estimate local image velocity. We formulated a model of visual motion perception using standard estimation theory, under the assumptions that (i) there is noise in the initial measurements and (ii) slower motions are more likely to occur than faster ones. We found that specific instantiation of such a velocity estimator can account for a wide variety of psychophysical phenomena.

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PMID:
12021763
DOI:
10.1038/nn858
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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