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J Clin Invest. 2002 May;109(10):1335-44.

Preterminal host dendritic cells in irradiated mice prime CD8+ T cell-mediated acute graft-versus-host disease.

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Division of Hematology and Oncology, Department of Medicine, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, Philadelphia 19104, USA.


To understand the relationship between host antigen-presenting cells (APCs) and donor T cells in initiating graft-versus-host disease (GVHD), we followed the fate of host dendritic cells (DCs) in irradiated C57BL/6 (B6) recipient mice and the interaction of these cells with minor histocompatibility antigen- (miHA-) mismatched CD8+ T cells from C3H.SW donors. Host CD11c+ DCs were rapidly activated and aggregated in the T cell areas of the spleen within 6 hours of lethal irradiation. By 5 days after irradiation, <1% of host DCs were detectable, but the activated donor CD8+ T cells had already undergone as many as seven divisions. Thus, proliferation of donor CD8+ T cells preceded the disappearance of host DCs. When C3H.SW donor CD8+ T cells were primed in vivo in irradiated B6 mice or ex vivo by host CD11c+ DCs for 24-36 hours, they were able to proliferate and differentiate into IFN-gamma-producing cells in beta(2)-microglobulin-deficient (beta(2)m(-/-)) B6 recipients and to mediate acute GVHD in beta(2)m(-/-) --> B6 chimeric mice. These results indicate that, although host DCs disappear rapidly after allogeneic bone marrow transplantation, they prime donor T cells before their disappearance and play a critical role in triggering donor CD8+ T cell-mediated GVHD.

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