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Endocrinology. 2002 Jun;143(6):2208-15.

Endocrine disrupter bisphenol a induces orphan nuclear receptor Nur77 gene expression and steroidogenesis in mouse testicular Leydig cells.

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Hormone Research Center, Chonnam National University, Kwangju 500-757, Republic of Korea.


The orphan nuclear receptor Nur77 (NR4A1) is a member of the nuclear receptor superfamily, which plays an important role in the regulation of LH-mediated steroidogenesis in testicular Leydig cells. The aim of the current study was to investigate the potential role of bisphenol A (BPA) on orphan nuclear receptor Nur77 gene expression and steroidogenesis. Northern blot analysis demonstrated that BPA transiently induced Nur77 mRNA expression, and protein kinase inhibitor H-89 and PD98059 strongly inhibited the induction of BPA-mediated Nur77 gene expression in mouse Leydig tumor cell line, K28. Moreover, BPA increased the activation of mitogen-activated protein kinase. Transient transfection assay demonstrated that BPA increased Nur77 gene promoter activity and Nur77 transactivation, whereas BPA did not significantly affect the interaction of Nur77 with its corepressor. Furthermore, BPA increased progesterone biosynthesis in K28 cells, which was suppressed by overexpression of dominant negative Nur77. Finally, BPA injection to prepubertal mice revealed that the expression of Nur77 mRNA was elevated, and this induction was correlated with increased concentration of testicular T in vivo. Taken together, these results demonstrated that BPA induces Nur77 gene expression and subsequently alters the steroidogenesis in testicular Leydig cells. These observations provide a novel mechanism by which BPA acts as an endocrine disrupting chemical.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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