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Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2002 Apr;958:107-11.

Genetics of latent autoimmune diabetes in adults.

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Department of Molecular Medicine, Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.


Slowly progressive insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM), like classical IDDM, is also associated with genetic markers. HLA-DR3 but not DR4 is associated with latent autoimmune diabetes in adults (LADA). In GAD65 antibody-positive Finnish LADA patients, DQB1*0302 is positively associated with the disease. Alleles of the MHC class I chain-related A (MICA) gene located centromeric to the HLA-B gene is associated with LADA. Allele 5.1 of MICA was associated with both LADA and adult-onset Italian IDDM patients when compared to controls. This finding was also observed in Indian and Latvian patients with LADA. These findings suggest that certain genetic markers distinguish LADA better.

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