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Biotechniques. 2002 May;32(5):1168, 1170-2, 1174 passim.

Multiple transcription factor profiling by enzyme-linked immunoassay.

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BD Biosciences Clontech, Palo Alto, CA 94303, USA.


Transcription factor-DNA interactions have been widely studied in the regulation of gene expression. We have established an enzyme-linked immunoassay platform to quantify specific transcriptionfactor-DNA interactions. In our assay, dsDNA immobilized on a 96-well plate captures the transcriptionfactor from the nuclear extract of mammalian cells. The DNA-bound transcription factor is detected and quantified by enzyme-linked immunoassay using a transcription factor-specific antibody. We have profiled multiple transcription factors involved in inflammation including NFkappaB p50, NFkappaB p65, c-Rel, c-Fos, CREB-1, and ATF-2. When compared with the traditional electrophoretic mobility shift assay, the enzyme-linked immunoassay shows a 10-fold higher sensitivity, eliminates the use of radioactivity, allows for a high-throughput format, and is faster.

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