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Dig Dis Sci. 2002 May;47(5):967-73.

Regional differences of H+, HCO3-, and CO2 diffusion through native porcine gastroduodenal mucus.

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Division of Digestive Diseases, School of Medicine, University of California, Los Angeles, USA.


Gastroduodenal mucus may play a critical role in defending the epithelium from luminal acid and in the creation of a microenvironment suitable for H. pylori. We measured transmucus permeation of H+, HCO3-, and CO2 with an in vitro perfusion chamber through freshly harvested or partially purified porcine gastric mucin. pH and CO2 concentrations were measured with selective ion electrodes; HCO3- and CO2 concentrations were derived. Viscosity was measured by rotational microviscometry. Mucin viscosity was directly related to concentration. There was a large variation in viscosity among native mucus from antrum, corpus, and duodenum. The highest viscosity was found in the antral mucus; duodenal mucus had the lowest. Diffusion coefficients of duodenal mucus for H+ and HCO3- were significantly lower than those from corpus and antrum. CO2 diffusion coefficients were invariant. In conclusion, despite large variations in viscosity, antral and corpus gastric mucus were similar in terms of ion diffusion. Surprisingly, the low viscosity duodenal mucus was a more potent barrier to ion diffusion than was gastric mucus. Consequently, duodenal mucus may play a more important role in inhibiting ion diffusion than its gastric counterpart.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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