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Dev Cell. 2002 May;2(5):593-605.

Stt4 PI 4-kinase localizes to the plasma membrane and functions in the Pkc1-mediated MAP kinase cascade.

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Division of Cellular and Molecular Medicine, The Howard Hughes Medical Institute, School of Medicine, University of California San Diego, La Jolla, CA 92093, USA.


Production of the essential phospholipid PI4P at the Golgi by the Pik1 kinase is required for protein secretion, while a distinct pool of PI4P generated by the Stt4 kinase is critical for normal actin cytoskeleton organization. We identify a transmembrane protein that stabilizes Stt4 at the plasma membrane where it directs synthesis of PI4P, which is required for activation of the Rho1/Pkc1-mediated MAP kinase cascade. Inactivation of Stt4 or the PI4P 5-kinase Mss4 results in mislocalization of the Rho-GTPase GEF Rom2. Rom2 binds PI4,5P(2) through its PH domain and represents the first identified effector in the Stt4-Mss4 pathway. Based on these results, we propose that Stt4-Mss4 generates PI4,5P(2) at the plasma membrane, required to recruit/activate effector proteins such as Rom2.

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