Format

Send to

Choose Destination
See comment in PubMed Commons below
Development. 2002 Jun;129(11):2619-28.

The zinc-finger transcription factor Klf4 is required for terminal differentiation of goblet cells in the colon.

Author information

1
Department of Genetics, University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine, 560 Clinical Research Building, 415 Curie Blvd, Philadelphia 19104-6145, USA.

Abstract

Klf4 (formerly GKLF) is a zinc-finger transcription factor expressed in the epithelia of the skin, lungs, gastrointestinal tract and several other organs. In vitro studies have suggested that Klf4 plays an important role in cell proliferation and/or differentiation. Mice homozygous for a null mutation in Klf4 die within 15 hours of birth and show selective perturbation of late-stage differentiation structures in the epidermis, but the function of Klf4 in the gastrointestinal tract has not been investigated. To address this issue, we have generated Klf4(-/-) mice by homologous recombination in embryonic stem cells. In this study, we provide the first in vivo evidence that Klf4 is a goblet cell-specific differentiation factor in the colon. Klf4(-/-) mice exhibit normal cell proliferation and cell death rates in the colon on postnatal day 1. However, Klf4(-/-) mice demonstrate a 90% decrease in the number of goblet cells in the colon, show abnormal expression of the goblet cell-specific marker Muc2 by in situ hybridization, have abnormal staining of the colonic epithelium with Alcian Blue for acidic mucins, and lack normal goblet cell morphology by ultrastructural analysis. All other epithelial cell types are present in the colon of Klf4(-/-) mice. In summary, Klf4 plays a crucial role in colonic epithelial cell differentiation in vivo.

PMID:
12015290
PMCID:
PMC2225535
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article
PubMed Commons home

PubMed Commons

0 comments
How to join PubMed Commons

    Supplemental Content

    Full text links

    Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
    Loading ...
    Support Center